The United States and Cuba have a long and complicated history, marked by periods of cooperation and conflict. In 1959, Fidel Castro and his revolutionaries overthrew the government of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista and established a socialist state aligned with the Soviet Union. The United States, which had long supported Batista, initially recognized his government but tensions between the two countries quickly escalated.
In 1961, the CIA supported an unsuccessful attempt by Cuban exiles to invade the island and overthrow Castro. In 1962, the United States imposed a trade embargo on Cuba. In the years that followed, the United States continued to try to isolate and weaken the Cuban government, while Castro sought to spread communism throughout Latin America and beyond.
Despite the ongoing tensions, there were also moments of cooperation between the two countries. In the 21st century, relations between the United States and Cuba began to improve again, as President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raúl Castro engaged in a series of negotiations and diplomatic exchanges. In 2015, the United States and Cuba officially restored diplomatic relations after the two countries reopened their embassies, and in 2017, President Donald Trump announced a partial rollback of the measures taken by Obama. President ]biden has restored some of Obama’s policies, though relations remain strained.