The American Civil War began in 1861, with several southern states seceding from the Union and forming the Confederate States of America. One of these states was Louisiana, which officially seceded on January 26, 1861. Many Louisiana residents felt that their rights were being threatened by the Federal government, particularly with regard to their rights to own slaves and preserve their power and economic structure.
Louisiana’s secession was not unanimous, and there were many residents who opposed it. In the months leading up to the state’s official departure from the Union, there were heated debates and divisions within the state government and among its citizens. Despite this, the state legislature voted to secede by a margin of 113 to 17.
After seceding, Louisiana quickly became an important state for the Confederacy. The state’s ports, particularly New Orleans, were crucial for the export of cotton and other goods, and the state’s large population made it an important source of soldiers for the Confederate army. However, the state was also a major target for Union forces, who recognized the importance of controlling its ports and resources. The Union army successfully captured New Orleans in 1862, dealing a significant blow to the Confederacy.
The state’s decision to secede and its role in the Civil War had a significant impact on its people and economy, and it would take many years for the state to fully recover.